The international community has agreed on the technical definition of famine and food security/ nutrition emergencies of lesser severity. Yet major constraints continue to limit the linkage between information, analysis, and action. This study considers the constraints on data collection, analysis, and outcome recommendations and suggests means of ensuring the independence and objectivity of data collection and analysis.

Analysis procedures have built-in processes for ensuring the validity and reliability of data. However, there is relatively little emphasis on analyzing what data is missing, why, what to do about missing (or poor quality) data, and how to best manage political influences on data collection and analysis. This is especially the case in the most extreme of crises: conflict-induced famine.

This study has two main components:

  1. Data mapping to understand the technical constraints and funding gaps that lead to poor quality or missing data in the analysis of extreme emergencies.
  2. A series of comparative case studies examining the availability and quality of information, and the external influences on data collection and  analysis. Case studies include four currently famine-affected or at-risk countries: Somalia, South Sudan, Nigeria and Yemen.

This project is funded by: UK Department for International Development, USAID Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance, Office of Swiss Development Cooperation, The European Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid Operation (ECHO), Action Against Hunger, and MQSUN+.

The Politics of Information and Analysis in Famines and Extreme Emergencies: Synthesis of Findings from Six Case Studies
emergencies
By Daniel Maxwell, Peter Hailey | May 2020

This study synthesized findings from six different country case studies, noting influences on data collection and analysis processes during emergencies.

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The Politics of Information and Analysis in Humanitarian Emergencies: Evidence from Ethiopia
Politics of Information

This study examines the politics of information and its influences on humanitarian information systems in Ethiopia today.

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The Politics of Information and Analysis in Humanitarian Emergencies: Evidence from Kenya
politics of information and analysis

This report provides recommendations related to managing the political influences and improving the technical quality of the data and analysis in Kenya.

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Towards Anticipatory Information Systems and Action: Notes on Early Warning and Early Action in East Africa
Towards Anticipatory Info Systems Cover
By Daniel Maxwell, Peter Hailey | January 2020

This paper reviews issues with contemporary humanitarian information and early warning systems. While the cases focus on the East Africa region, they have broader implications as well.

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Famine Early Warning and Information Systems in Conflict Settings: Challenges for Humanitarian Metrics and Response
famine early warning
By Daniel Maxwell | November 2019

Attention to the growing number of people caught in crises characterized by extreme and often protracted levels of food insecurity, malnutrition, and mortality is increasing. The information systems that track...

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Constraints and Complexities of Information and Analysis in Humanitarian Emergencies: Evidence from Yemen

A study of the effectiveness of the Integrated Phase Classification (IPC) system, as it is used to identify famine and levels of food insecurity in Yemen.

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Constraints and Complexities of Information Analysis in Humanitarian Emergencies: Evidence from South Sudan
identify famine

A study of the effectiveness of the Integrated Phase Classification (IPC) system, used to identify famine and levels of food insecurity, in South Sudan.

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Document d’information : Contraintes et complexités liées à la collecte et à l’analyse de donées en situation d’urgence humanitaire : Le cas du Nigeria
famine in Nigeria

Dans le but d’identifier et de classifier la sévérité de l’insécurité alimentaire, y compris la famine, le Nigeria utilise l’approche du Cadre Harmonisé (CH), un processus analytique semblable au Cadre...

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Constraints and Complexities of Information and Analysis in Humanitarian Emergencies: Evidence from Nigeria
humanitarianism in Nigeria

This report examines the Cadre Harmonisé in Nigeria to better understand the technical and political constrains to analyzing famines and extreme emergencies.

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Contraintes et complexités liées à la collecte et à l’analyse de données en situation d’urgence humanitaire : Le cas du Nigeria

Ce rapport examine le Cadre Harmonisé pour mieux comprendre les contraintes techniques et politiques à l'analyse des famines et des urgences extrêmes.

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Constraints and Complexities of Information and Analysis: Data Planning in Famine-Risk Countries
data planning in famine

The humanitarian community has technical definitions of famine and food security or nutrition emergencies: the Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC). The classification requires good quality and coverage of food...

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Constraints and Complexities of Information Analysis in Humanitarian Emergencies: Evidence from Somalia

The humanitarian situation in Somalia is among the world’s most enduring current crises. As a result of conflict and a very weak central state, the country ran for two decades...

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“Determining famine: Multi-dimensional analysis for the twenty-first century” 

Famine is contemporary reality. Current methods of famine analysis, however, tend to solely emphasize  the severity of current-status indicators. This article examines current methods of famine analysis and argues that a more multi-dimensional view is required for a full understanding of famine, specifically in Nigeria, South Sudan, Somalia, and Yemen.

 

 

 

 

 

Briefing Paper: The Politics of Information and Analysis in Famines and Extreme Emergencies: Synthesis of Findings from Six Case Studies
By Daniel Maxwell, Peter Hailey | June 2020

This is a brief on the full report of the study that synthesized findings from six different country case studies, noting influences on data collection and analysis processes during emergencies.

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Briefing Paper: Famine, the Coronavirus, and the Politics of Information and Analysis
coronavirus

This brief lays out lessons from our study of famine information systems and considers how they may be applicable to the coronavirus pandemic response.

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Briefing Paper: Constraints and Complexities of Information Analysis in Humanitarian Emergencies: Evidence from South Sudan
Integrated Phase Classification

The briefing paper about a study of the effectiveness of the Integrated Phase Classification (IPC) system, used to identify famine and levels of food insecurity, in South Sudan.

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Briefing Paper: Constraints and Complexities of Information and Analysis in Humanitarian Emergencies: Evidence from Nigeria
analyzing famine in Nigeria

This brief examines the Cadre Harmonisé in Nigeria to better understand the technical and political constrains to analyzing famines and extreme emergencies.

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Briefing Paper: Constraints and Complexities of Information and Analysis in Humanitarian Emergencies: Evidence from Yemen

A study of the effectiveness of the Integrated Phase Classification (IPC) system, as it is used to identify famine and levels of food insecurity in Yemen.

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Constraints and Complexities of Information Analysis: Evidence from Somalia Briefing Paper
Somalia Brief

The humanitarian situation in Somalia is among the world’s most enduring current crises. As a result of conflict and a very weak central state, the country ran for two decades...

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Webinar: The Politics of Information and Analysis in Famine and Extreme Emergencies
June 2020

The ability to predict and analyze famine has improved sharply in the past 15 years. However, the political influences on data collection and analysis in famine and extreme emergencies continue...