Changes in and perceptions of wealth, equality, and food security in Karamoja, Uganda

Thumbnail of report: Changes in and perceptions of wealth, equality, and food security in Karamoja, Uganda

This study aimed to better understand changes in and perceptions of wealth and equality, with considerations for food security, market access and quality, and Apolou programming in selected communities in four districts in the Karamoja sub-region of Uganda.

Drawing on data from five consecutive years of data collection, we found that increases in wealth and equality remained inconsistent and at times illusive across and between communities, with people’s lives improving in some ways but not in others. Wealth decreased in the study population when measured through livestock and asset ownership, and many people took up livelihood activities associated with poverty, including casual labor, collection and sale of bush projects, and brewing traditional beer.  Food security data similarly depicted an overall deterioration, as did market quality.

The data revealed important evolutions and reasons for optimism, as well. The reflections over a ten-year period from the qualitative participants painted a more favorable picture in terms of wealth and equality, with these changes associated with improved security and livelihood opportunities. Households and individuals are beginning to view wealth in non-traditional ways, including beyond livestock ownership. These new conceptions may point to new avenues for programming and development. Further, trends in wealth, equality, food security, and market access were often specific to the four districts, with improvements in some districts and declines in others. These differences highlight the need for district-specific programming.

The study was conducted under the Apolou Activity, in partnership with Mercy Corps and funded by USAID/BHA. This mixed methods study took place in four districts: Amudat, Kotido, Kaabong and Moroto. We collected three rounds of survey data with approximately 500 households and four rounds of qualitative interviews with the same 75 young men and women.






thumbnail image of publication cover

This primer on pastoralism in Africa provides basic information on the core aspects of pastoralism as a livelihood and production system.

thumbnail image of publication cover

Cette brève introduction au pastoralisme en Afrique donne des informations élémentaires sur les principaux aspects du pastoralisme en tant que moyen d’existence et système de production.

thumbnail image of report cover

This briefing describes the key elements and issues associated with conflict in pastoralist areas across sub-Saharan Africa.

thumbnail image of report cover

Ce document d’information décrit les éléments clés et les enjeux associés aux conflits dans les zones pastorales d’Afrique subsaharienne.

thumbnail image of publication cover

This briefing paper summarizes some of the nuances that exist and the shifts that are occurring within gender dynamics in pastoralist livelihood systems in Africa.

thumbnail image of publication cover

Cette note d’information résume certaines des nuances qui existent et les changements qui se produisent actuellement dans la dynamique du genre dans les systèmes de subsistance pastoraux en Afrique.

Load more