Everyone says they want “localization” in anticipatory action — but what does that mean?

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The world is investing in more and smarter early warning systems to confront changing climate risks. When early warnings are accurate, resources are quickly allocated, and decisions are made in collaboration with local communities and actors, anticipatory action can pay off.

Over the past two years, researchers across Africa, Asia and U.S. universities have joined efforts and established the Academic Alliance on Anticipatory Action, aiming to understand the design and implementation of anticipatory action.

Examining many projects linking early warnings and early action from around the world, we’ve observed that the time pressure involved in designing and implementing anticipatory action can discourage the localization of decision-making.

Learn more from a summary of insights, featuring tailor-made cartoons by Hameed Khan, Eugenia Rojo, and Pablo Suarez.






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Early Warning Systems can reduce deaths and damages caused by extreme weather events, if investors address gaps in communication and planning. Learn more from a cartoon-infused summary of insights.

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This synthesis report reflects upon Phase 1 findings on humanitarian action in pastoral drylands of the Greater Horn and Sudano-Sahel.

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This desk study examines common perceptions of pastoralism among humanitarians and barriers to international humanitarian systems meeting pastoralists’ needs.

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This desk study explores how state-owned policies and programs in pastoral areas of the Sudano-Sahel and the Greater Horn of Africa meet pastoralists’ needs and priorities.

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This desk study explores how pastoralists manage climate, conflict, and other stresses through indigenous early warning systems, preventive actions, local emergency responses, and customary safety nets.

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This briefing paper presents African pastoralism as an adaptation to uncertain and changeable climate, as well as some of the main challenges that compromise pastoralists’ inherent adaptive capacity.

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