The Currency of Connections: Why Do Social Connections Matter for Household Resilience in South Sudan?

In protracted crises where there are weak or nonexistent formal governance structures, people depend heavily on local systems—both social and economic—to get by. Communities themselves are often the first responders in a crisis, reacting long before humanitarian actors arrive. This study looked at how social connections during times of crisis enable populations to manage shocks and stresses in South Sudan. It found that:

  • Households often rely more on support shared within their social networks than they do on assistance from external aid actors.
  • Households maintain and build their social networks during crises using two key strategies: proactively sharing material support and marriage.
  • Different socioeconomic and community level factors determine the relationships that households are able to form and the types of support they can exchange.
  • Socially connected households are better able to diversify their diets and are more optimistic that they can cope and recover in face of future shocks and stresses. However, social connectedness can also be a source of household vulnerability as households maintain and build social connections for future support over immediate needs.
  • When productive livelihoods collapse, households often share humanitarian aid as a means of maintaining and expanding their social networks. In some cases, households that receive cash transfer might be excluded from reciprocal support systems.

This study demonstrates that aid actors need to more holistically understand foundations of household vulnerability and sources of resilience during crises by considering social connectedness throughout program cycles, including in design, implementation, and evaluation phases.

The appendix is available here.

A brief version of the report is also available.

This mixed methods study is part of the Currency of Connections research initiative between Mercy Corps and the Feinstein International Center. It was supported by the USAID Bureau for Humanitarian Assistance.






thumbnail image of report cover

This briefing describes the key elements and issues associated with conflict in pastoralist areas across sub-Saharan Africa.

thumbnail image of report cover

Ce document d’information décrit les éléments clés et les enjeux associés aux conflits dans les zones pastorales d’Afrique subsaharienne.

thumbnail image of publication cover

This briefing paper provides an overview of pastoralist livestock marketing in Africa. It also explains the marketing behaviors of pastoralists and the economic logic behind their decisions on when, how many, and which types of animals to sell.

thumbnail image of publication cover

Ce document d’information présente une vue d’ensemble de la commercialisation du bétail pastoral en Afrique. Il explique également les comportements des pasteurs en matière de commercialisation et la logique économique qui sous-tend leurs décisions quant au moment, au nombre et aux types d’animaux à vendre.

Thumbnail image of report cover

This study examines how anticipatory action was perceived and experienced among Ethiopians living with drought alongside other crises.

Thumbnail image of cover

This learning brief explores the continuity and changes to livelihoods in select sites in Isiolo and Marsabit Counties, Kenya, and reviews the implications of the continuity and the changes on the drivers of child acute malnutrition.

Load more