This study explores the impact of a decade of conflict in Darfur on the trade in some of Darfur’s major cash crops. How has the cash crop trade adapted, and to what extent, if at all, has it recovered? It also reviews the federal policy context for trading cash crops. From this analysis, which identifies some of the major constraints faced by traders and agro-processors as well as producers, the study sets out ways in which the cash crop trade can be supported to better sustain livelihoods in Darfur, and to support the eventual recovery of Darfur’s economy. This is now especially relevant given the renewed focus on the agricultural sector in Sudan, post-secession. The study covers groundnuts, Darfur’s most important cash crop, as well as sesame, gum arabic, tombac (chewing tobacco), and oranges.