Targeting in Complex Emergencies

Project Team

In 2007, the World Food Program developed new targeting policies to ensure the participation of recipient communities in the targeting of all food assistance. There was significant experience with community-based targeting in slow onset natural disasters such as drought, but little or no guidance on these practices in conflict emergencies.

This study was commissioned to document existing practices and gaps, and to build the evidence base for community-based targeting practices in complex emergencies. Case studies were undertaken in four conflict-affected countries, and program guidance materials were developed for WFP on the basis of the findings.

Participation, political economy and protection: food aid governance in Darfur, Sudan.

This paper explores the links between participation and local governance, as well as the implications for exclusion of certain groups, the dignity of those involved, and protection issues. The paper proposes a framework for reviewing the governance functions and capacities of local Food Relief Committees. A case study of the Darfur region reviews how local governance evolves as a result of both the wider conflict and of adapting to the international humanitarian system, itself a form of governance. Additionally, the paper proposes strategies for enhancing participation and applying lessons learned.

Published in Disasters in September 2013.

Targeting and distribution in complex emergencies: Participatory management of humanitarian food assistance

The following paper analyzes current practice in the targeting and management of humanitarian food assistance in complex emergencies. In addition, the paper considers the constraints to recipient communities’ participation, and the possibilities for participatory approaches to improve targeting. Published in Food Policy in August 2011.