Upholding Human Rights in the Face of Violence

Accountability and redress for grave rights violations and crimes committed against war-affected populations remains a key priority for Tufts/FIC.

All women, men, girls, and boys are entitled to protection and rights as laid out in international covenants and conventions. Protection of human rights and protection from grave crimes is a primary obligation of the state. However, during armed conflict, mass flight across borders, or transitions from conflict to post-conflict, the state may be unwilling or unable to fulfill its protective obligations, with devastating consequences for the most vulnerable. Through its research, the Center works to draw attention to the obligations of governments and non-state armed groups to respect, protect, and uphold people’s fundamental rights. We work to shape policies and programs that support key actors in meeting these responsibilities. We also work closely with victims, survivors, and at-risk populations to inform and develop strategies that uphold their rights.

People First! Justice, Accountability, and Reparation in the Greater North of Uganda

The flagship reconstruction program for northern Uganda (NUSAF Phase II) started implementation in 2010. Our work has informed this process and hence we are hopeful that NUSAF will yield some positive results for the lives of women and children who have suffered grave violations and serious crimes.

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Customary Law, Livelihoods Change, and Conflict Mitigation in the Karamoja Cluster The Case of Uganda

Under a two-year research project with funding from Irish Aid/Kampala, FIC researchers are studying how groups are using customary mechanisms to respond to the changing social, political and economic environment in Karamoja.

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Crisis and Social Transformation in Nepal

How does the work of aid agencies during and after conflict affect people’s perceptions of change? What can we learn from recent experience? Our work in Nepal has uncovered a number of interesting issues around the humanitarian-development relationship and the challenges of social transformation in a (hopefully) post-conflict environment that we feel are important to research both because they are largely unexplored and because of their potential policy implications.

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Formal Justice and Accountability for People in Northern Uganda

The purpose of this work is to provide real-time documentation and analysis of justice and accountability mechanisms in Uganda, and to investigate the links between these mechanisms and people’s perceptions and experiences of accountability and reconciliation in northern Uganda.

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Traditional Justice and Accountability in Northern Uganda

This field research will document and analyze how traditional justice and accountability systems in northern Uganda address war-related crimes and harms committed during the region’s conflict. Special attention will be given to how these informal systems take up rebel- and government-perpetrated crimes against women and girls.

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Formal Justice and Accountability for People in Northern Uganda

This research seeks to document and analyze the formal justice mechanisms that will be established by the government of Uganda in response to the widespread grave crimes and human rights violations that occurred during the 22-year war in northern Uganda.

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Engaging Male Youth in Karamoja, Uganda
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The Feinstein International Center at Tufts University is pleased to announce a new publication in collaboration with the Learning on Gender and Conflict in Africa  (LOGiCA) Program of the World…

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Making Gender-Just Remedy and Reparations Possible Upholding the Rights of Women and Girls in Uganda's Greater North
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Victims of serious violations of international human rights law and international humanitarian law have a clearly established right to remedy and reparation. This right must be recognized without discrimination of…

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Making Gender-Just Remedy and Reparation Possible Upholding the Rights of Women and Girls in the Greater North of Uganda
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Victims of serious violations of international human rights law and international humanitarian law have a clearly established right to remedy and reparation. This right must be recognized without discrimination of…

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Modern Challenges to Traditional Justice The Struggle to Deliver Remedy and Reparation in War-Affected Lango
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By Teddy Atim, Keith Proctor | June 2013

This report is part of a series by Feinstein International Center that examines the impact of armed conflict on civilian populations in northern Uganda and struggles for redress and remedy.

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They Were Just Thrown Away, and Now the World is Spoiled Mass Killing and Cultural Rites in Barlonyo
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By Keith Proctor | March 2013

In the aftermath of violence, proper treatment of the dead provides a vital consolation for survivors and their communities.

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Understanding Breast “Ironing” A Study of the Methods, Motivations, and Outcomes of Breast Flattening Practices in Cameroon
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By Rebecca Tapscott | May 2012

Breast “ironing” or “flattening” is a practice that impacts 1:4 Cameroonian girls and women, in which a heated object such as a grinding stone or pestle is used to massage…

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Livelihoods, Basic Services and Social Protection in Northern Uganda and Karamoja
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This paper synthesizes current evidence on how people are recovering their livelihoods and accessing basic services and social protection interventions in the conflict-affected regions of Uganda’s Greater North.

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Accountability and Reconciliation in Northern Uganda

By Khristopher Carlson and Dyan Mazurana. 2010. Sharanjeet Parmar, Mindy Jane Roseman, Saudamini Siegrist, and Theo Sowa (eds.) Children and Transitional Justice: Truth-Telling, Accountability and Reconciliation. Harvard University Press.

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Towards a “Great Transformation”? The Maoist Insurgency and Local Perceptions of Social Transformation in Nepal
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This report presents the findings of a two-year field research project on local perceptions of social transformation in rural Nepal. The findings, and our interpretations of them, are presented in…

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Aid and Violence Development Policies and Conflict in Nepal
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By Antonio Donini | June 2009

This project arose from earlier Tufts/FIC field-based research on local perceptions of the work of aid agencies in Nepal during which the conflict/development failure angle emerged as a recurring theme.

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Assessing Uganda’s cross-border pursuit of the Lord’s Resistance Army
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| February 2009

Since 2002 the Ugandan army – the Ugandan People’s Defense Force (UPDF) – has been operating inside South Sudan in pursuit of rebels from the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA). Joint…

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Forced Marriage within the Lord’s Resistance Army, Uganda
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The Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA)—a rebel movement fighting the government of Uganda—is estimated to have kidnapped over 60,000 Ugandan children and youth. Those abducted include one in three male adolescents…

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Beyond men pikin: improving understanding of post-conflict child fostering in Sierra Leone
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By Lacey Gale | April 2008

There is growing agreement that separated children are best cared for in community settings, rather than in institutions. However, even in a community setting, there is a need for standards…

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Movement on the Margins Livelihoods and Security in Kitgum District, Northern Uganda
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The protracted conflict in northern Uganda has created profound insecurity, brought the widespread loss of agrarian livelihoods, and pushed nearly two million people into internal displacement camps. With the current…

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In Search of Security A Regional Analysis of Armed Conflict in Northern Uganda, Eastern Uganda, and Southern Sudan
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By Dyan Mazurana | November 2005

The war and humanitarian crises engulfing northern Uganda are intricately linked with the armed conflict and unrest in eastern Uganda and southern Sudan. As a result of the links between…

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