Upholding Human Rights in the Face of Violence

Accountability and redress for grave rights violations and crimes committed against war-affected populations remains a key priority for Tufts/FIC.

All women, men, girls, and boys are entitled to protection and rights as laid out in international covenants and conventions. Protection of human rights and protection from grave crimes is a primary obligation of the state. However, during armed conflict, mass flight across borders, or transitions from conflict to post-conflict, the state may be unwilling or unable to fulfill its protective obligations, with devastating consequences for the most vulnerable. Through its research, the Center works to draw attention to the obligations of governments and non-state armed groups to respect, protect, and uphold people’s fundamental rights. We work to shape policies and programs that support key actors in meeting these responsibilities. We also work closely with victims, survivors, and at-risk populations to inform and develop strategies that uphold their rights.

People First! Justice, Accountability, and Reparation in the Greater North of Uganda

The flagship reconstruction program for northern Uganda (NUSAF Phase II) started implementation in 2010. Our work has informed this process and hence we are hopeful that NUSAF will yield some positive results for the lives of women and children who have suffered grave violations and serious crimes.

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Traditional Justice and Accountability in Northern Uganda

This field research will document and analyze how traditional justice and accountability systems in northern Uganda address war-related crimes and harms committed during the region’s conflict. Special attention will be given to how these informal systems take up rebel- and government-perpetrated crimes against women and girls.

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Formal Justice and Accountability for People in Northern Uganda

The purpose of this work is to provide real-time documentation and analysis of justice and accountability mechanisms in Uganda, and to investigate the links between these mechanisms and people’s perceptions and experiences of accountability and reconciliation in northern Uganda.

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Customary Law, Livelihoods Change, and Conflict Mitigation in the Karamoja Cluster The Case of Uganda

Under a two-year research project with funding from Irish Aid/Kampala, FIC researchers are studying how groups are using customary mechanisms to respond to the changing social, political and economic environment in Karamoja.

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Crisis and Social Transformation in Nepal

How does the work of aid agencies during and after conflict affect people’s perceptions of change? What can we learn from recent experience? Our work in Nepal has uncovered a number of interesting issues around the humanitarian-development relationship and the challenges of social transformation in a (hopefully) post-conflict environment that we feel are important to research both because they are largely unexplored and because of their potential policy implications.

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Briefing Paper: Sexual Assault Against Humanitarian and Development Aid Workers
By Dyan Mazurana, Phoebe Donnelly | February 2017

This briefing paper summarizes the findings from a review of scholarly and grey literature, as well as interviews, on the topic of sexual assault against aid workers. The overall study goal is…

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Change the context not the girls: Improving efforts to reduce teenage pregnancy in Sierra Leone

In 2013 Sierra Leone ranked among the ten nations with the highest rates of teenage pregnancy in the world. If the Government of Sierra Leone’s renewed National Strategy for the Reduction of Teenage Pregnancy is to succeed, a more contextually tailored approach is needed. This report makes five recommendations.

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The impact of mental health and psychosocial support programs for populations affected by humanitarian emergencies: A systematic review protocol

This protocol details the methodology for an evidence synthesis on mental health and psychosocial support in humanitarian crises. The evidence synthesis asks “What are the effects of mental health and…

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Sweden’s Feminist Foreign Policy: Implications for Humanitarian Response
By Dyan Mazurana, Daniel Maxwell | January 2016

This policy brief presents the implications of Sweden’s feminist foreign policy for the people they strive to assist, Sweden’s own humanitarian policy and operations, and more broadly the whole humanitarian…

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Inhumanity and Humanitarian Action
By Norah Niland | September 2014

The divisive and discriminatory policies that have disfigured Sri Lankan society and its political culture for much of its contemporary history did not disappear when the Tamil Tigers and civilians,…

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Engaging Male Youth in Karamoja, Uganda

The Feinstein International Center at Tufts University is pleased to announce a new publication in collaboration with the Learning on Gender and Conflict in Africa  (LOGiCA) Program of the World…

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Briefing Paper: Making Gender-Just Remedy and Reparations Possible Upholding the Rights of Women and Girls in Uganda's Greater North

Victims of serious violations of international human rights law and international humanitarian law have a clearly established right to remedy and reparation. This right must be recognized without discrimination of…

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Making Gender-Just Remedy and Reparation Possible Upholding the Rights of Women and Girls in the Greater North of Uganda

Victims of serious violations of international human rights law and international humanitarian law have a clearly established right to remedy and reparation. This right must be recognized without discrimination of…

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Modern Challenges to Traditional Justice The Struggle to Deliver Remedy and Reparation in War-Affected Lango
By Teddy Atim, Keith Proctor | June 2013

This report is part of a series by Feinstein International Center that examines the impact of armed conflict on civilian populations in northern Uganda and struggles for redress and remedy.

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They Were Just Thrown Away, and Now the World is Spoiled Mass Killing and Cultural Rites in Barlonyo
By Keith Proctor | March 2013

In the aftermath of violence, proper treatment of the dead provides a vital consolation for survivors and their communities.

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Understanding Breast “Ironing” A Study of the Methods, Motivations, and Outcomes of Breast Flattening Practices in Cameroon
By Rebecca Tapscott | May 2012

Breast “ironing” or “flattening” is a practice that impacts 1:4 Cameroonian girls and women, in which a heated object such as a grinding stone or pestle is used to massage…

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Livelihoods, Basic Services and Social Protection in Northern Uganda and Karamoja

This paper synthesizes current evidence on how people are recovering their livelihoods and accessing basic services and social protection interventions in the conflict-affected regions of Uganda’s Greater North.

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The Dust Has Not Yet Settled: Victims’ Views on The Right to Remedy and Reparation A Report from the Greater North of Uganda
By Dyan Mazurana | March 2012

This report outlines the views and priorities of victims of serious violations of human rights law and international humanitarian law which resulted from the conflict between the Government of Uganda and the rebel Lord’s Resistance Army,

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Accountability and Reconciliation in Northern Uganda

By Khristopher Carlson and Dyan Mazurana. 2010. Sharanjeet Parmar, Mindy Jane Roseman, Saudamini Siegrist, and Theo Sowa (eds.) Children and Transitional Justice: Truth-Telling, Accountability and Reconciliation. Harvard University Press.

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Towards a “Great Transformation”? The Maoist Insurgency and Local Perceptions of Social Transformation in Nepal

This report presents the findings of a two-year field research project on local perceptions of social transformation in rural Nepal. The findings, and our interpretations of them, are presented in…

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Aid and Violence Development Policies and Conflict in Nepal
Cover photo-Aid and Violence Report
By Antonio Donini | June 2009

This project arose from earlier Tufts/FIC field-based research on local perceptions of the work of aid agencies in Nepal during which the conflict/development failure angle emerged as a recurring theme.

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Assessing Uganda’s cross-border pursuit of the Lord’s Resistance Army
| February 2009

Since 2002 the Ugandan army – the Ugandan People’s Defense Force (UPDF) – has been operating inside South Sudan in pursuit of rebels from the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA). Joint…

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Forced Marriage within the Lord’s Resistance Army, Uganda

The Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA)—a rebel movement fighting the government of Uganda—is estimated to have kidnapped over 60,000 Ugandan children and youth. Those abducted include one in three male adolescents…

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The State of Female Youth in Northern Uganda Findings from the Survey of War-Affected Youth
uganda 2008b

Youth are simultaneously the primary victims and the primary actors in the two-decade long war in northern Uganda. While we know that youth have suffered (and continue to do so),…

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Beyond men pikin: improving understanding of post-conflict child fostering in Sierra Leone
| April 2008

There is growing agreement that separated children are best cared for in community settings, rather than in institutions. However, even in a community setting, there is a need for standards…

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Movement on the Margins Livelihoods and Security in Kitgum District, Northern Uganda

The protracted conflict in northern Uganda has created profound insecurity, brought the widespread loss of agrarian livelihoods, and pushed nearly two million people into internal displacement camps. With the current…

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In Search of Security A Regional Analysis of Armed Conflict in Northern Uganda, Eastern Uganda, and Southern Sudan
By Dyan Mazurana | November 2005

The war and humanitarian crises engulfing northern Uganda are intricately linked with the armed conflict and unrest in eastern Uganda and southern Sudan. As a result of the links between…

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