The Future of Pastoralism

Pastoralists in Africa are among the most marginalized and vulnerable communities.

Within countries with large pastoral populations, pastoralists often have far worse health, education, and other indicators of development relative to urban or sedentary areas.

Our long-term program on the Future of Pastoralism in Africa will continue to engage senior policy makers in regional organizations to support the implementation of new regional policies within countries. The aim is to align national policies to the regional frameworks. We will also continue to track and explain livelihood trends in pastoralist areas and channel analysis and evidence directly into policy forums. At a more local level, our work on coordinating large-scale programs will continue, as will the use of impact assessments to improve the development strategies of donors and NGOs.

Pastoralism and Pastoralist Livelihoods

The pastoralist project aims to promote understanding of pastoralists’ livelihoods systems among local, national and international stakeholders and to strengthen the capacity of pastoralist leaders, organizations and other advocates to articulate the rational for pastoralism.

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Seers as War makers, Peace Makers, and Leaders within the Karamoja Cluster

Tufts/FIC field research throughout the Karamoja region will allow us to document and analyze how seers operate within their own communities and shed light on the complex nature of their relationships with other tribal groups, both friends and enemies.

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Pastoralism and Policy in Ethiopia

Our research revisited processes of commercialization in pastoralist areas and the role of commercialization in driving wealth disparities and contributing to pastoralist vulnerability.

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Camel Marketing and Pastoral Livelihoods in Ethiopia

The goal of this project is to promote understanding of the camel market chain that impacts the livelihoods of tens of thousands of pastoralists, agro-pastoralists, farmers, and traders living in diverse agro-ecological regions of Ethiopia.

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Cattle and Meat Value Chain Assessment in Ethiopia

As one of its economic objectives, the government of Ethiopia is pursuing a policy of maximizing revenues through meat and live animal exports. There is some progress in the volume of live animal and meat exports on a yearly basis, but not as much as anticipated given the huge livestock resources in the country.

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Regional Policy Support to COMESA

The goal of this project is to improve the food security of pastoral communities in the COMESA region through facilitating the development of pro-pastoralist regional food security policy.

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Regional Policy Support to IGAD

The study on livestock exports and related benefits has helped to raise awareness of processes of commercialization in pastoralist areas, and how this trend contributes to a robust group of commercial actors on the one side, and increasing pastoral destitution on the other.

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Policy Support to the African Union Securing, Protecting and Improving the Lives, Livelihoods and Rights of Pastoralist Communities

Over five years the team in AU/IBAR produced or commissioned more than 120 reports, publications and training materials. The materials focus on policy and institutional change in the Horn of Africa region, but also include Africa-wide and global initiatives associated with CAPE and the IPST.

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Customary Law, Livelihoods Change, and Conflict Mitigation in the Karamoja Cluster The Case of Uganda

Under a two-year research project with funding from Irish Aid/Kampala, FIC researchers are studying how groups are using customary mechanisms to respond to the changing social, political and economic environment in Karamoja.

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Milk Matters in Karamoja

The objective of the project was to understand how milk had changed in the diets of children under age five and in household livelihood strategies.

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Milk Matters Improving the Health and Nutritional Status of Children in Pastoral Communities

We seek primarily to clarify some of the underlying causes of the chronically high levels of acute malnutrition found in pastoral regions in Ethiopia.

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Community-Based Animal Health Workers in the Horn of Africa An Evaluation for the Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance
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Community-based animal health worker (CAHW) services evolved in east Africa in the late 1980s, especially in more remote pastoralist areas where conventional veterinary services were limited or absent. Although controversial,…

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Participatory Impact Assessment: A Design Guide Updated Version 2014
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The Feinstein International Center has been developing and adapting participatory approaches to measure the impact of livelihoods based interventions since the early nineties. Originally released in 2009, this updated version…

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Pastoralism in Practice: Monitoring Livestock Mobility in Contemporary Sudan
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This is the fourth in a series of Policy Briefing Papers which form part of the Environment and Livelihoods component of the UNEP Sudan Integrated Environment Programme, funded by UKAid…

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Standing Wealth Pastoralist Livestock Production and Local Livelihoods in Sudan
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The report highlights the importance of pastoralist livestock production for the country’s economy, and outlines ways in which pastoralism can be supported in the future, to benefit livelihoods and the…

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Lifting Livelihoods with Livestock A review of REST's livestock value addition practices in Raya Azebo, Ethiopia and potentials for diversification
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By Yacob Aklilu | November 2011

Between 2008 and 2011, over two thousand households were provided with informal loans for livestock value addition in an effort to graduate them from the Productive Safety Net Programme in…

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Review of Pastoral Rangeland Enclosures in Ethiopia
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By Alison Napier, Solomon Desta | November 2011

Access to productive rangeland has long been a critical issue affecting pastoralists in Ethiopia. In November 2011, the Feinstein International Center at Tufts University facilitated a review of a specific…

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Shifting Sands The Commercialization of Camels in Mid-altitude Ethiopia and Beyond
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By Yacob Aklilu, Andy Catley | April 2011

Although pastoralists in Ethiopia are often characterized as unresponsive to market opportunities, the bulk of Ethiopia’s growing formal and informal livestock and meat exports are supplied from pastoralist areas of…

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Impact Assessment of Small-Scale Pump Irrigation in the Somali Region of Ethiopia
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By Feinstein Center | September 2010

Gode zone in the Somali National Regional State of Ethiopia is a remote area in the east of the country, characterized by marked under‐development and frequent humanitarian crises. In addition,…

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Rapid Review of the Cash-for-Work and Natural Resource Management Components of the RAIN Project
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By Andy Catley, Alison Napier | July 2010

The project Revitalizing Agricultural/Pastoral Incomes and New Markets (RAIN) is a three‐year project implemented by Mercy Corps and Save the Children UK (SCUK) in parts of Somali and Oromiya Regions…

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Moving Up or Out? A Rapid Livelihoods and Conflict Analysis in Mieso-Mulu Woreda, Shinile Zone, Somali Region, Ethiopia
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By Andy Catley, Alula Iyasu | April 2010

The pastoralists of Shinile Zone in the Somali Region of Ethiopia experience multiple livelihoods challenges and various types of conflict. Among international NGOs in the area, there is increasing interest…

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Impact Assessment of the Community Animal Health System in Mandera West District, Kenya
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By Gezu Bekele | December 2009

This report examines the impact of a privatized, community-based veterinary service in the far northeast of Kenya, and focuses on the outcomes of clinical services provided by community-based animal health workers (CAHWs).

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Livestock Exports from the Horn of Africa An Analysis of Benefits by Pastoralist Wealth Group and Policy Implications
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By Yacob Aklilu, Andy Catley | October 2009

Support to the export of pastoralist livestock from the Horn of Africa is often viewed by aid organizations as a key poverty reduction strategy. Drawing on existing literature and field research in Ethiopia, Kenya and Sudan, this report examines if and how different wealth groups benefit from the export trade.

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Milk Matters The Role and Value of Milk in the Diets of Somali Pastoralist Children in Liben and Shinile, Ethiopia
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By Kate Sadler, Andy Catley | September 2009

This report is the outcome of the first phase of Milk Matters: a joint venture between the Feinstein International Center, Save the Children USA and Save the Children UK in…

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Milk Matters: A Literature Review of Pastoralist Nutrition and Programming Responses
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By Kate Sadler, Andy Catley | February 2009

Children across pastoralist/semi pastoralist areas of the horn of Africa are often referred to as some of the most nutritionally vulnerable in the world. The dominant response from the international…

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Livestock Marketing in Kenya and Ethiopia A Review of Policies and Practice
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By Yacob Aklilu | December 2008

The last few years have witnessed a renewed interest in the export of live animals and meat from Kenya and Ethiopia. In both cases, the private sector has taken the…

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Participatory Impact Assessment
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By Andy Catley, John Burns, Dawit Abebe | October 2008

The Feinstein International Center has been developing and adapting participatory approaches to measure the impact of livelihoods based interventions since the early nineties. Drawing upon this experience, this guide aims…

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